LAUCA NATIONAL PARK
Know Lauca National ParkLauca National Park has 137.883 hectares protected by its Reserve of the Biosphere status. The park has different attractions like its fauna, topography and flora, found in precordillera between 3200 and 3800 meters above sea level. It has a typical fauna, with more than 100 bird species. Among the animals you can find there are alpacas, llamas, guanacos, vicuñas, pumas, tarucas, vizcachas, foxes, blanquillo, ñandus, puna partridges, huairavo, guallata, Chilean flamenco, the giant tagua, juarjal, puna and jergon duck, and condors. In the National Park it is possible to find amazing volcanoes that are 6,000 meters above sea level, like the Parinacota, Pomerape and Acotando Volcanoes. You can also see lava rivers. There is varied flora in ravines and slopes with Guacara, queñoa, perrito, tola, puscaya, tola supu and chilca forests. Above the 3800 meters, there are plains with exotic flora. The Lauca and Lluta Rivers are part of the park, as well as the Cotacotani Lagoons and the Chungara Lake.
Attractions: Amazing flora and fauna. Interesting topography and hidrography.
Activities: Hiking, high mountain tours, birds watching, flora and fauna contemplation, photography.
How to get there: Iquique-Peru: Land route, by Panamericana Highway from Iquique and Tacna.
Bolivia-Arica: Land route, by Route CH-11 Tambo Quemado, that goes through Parinacota from La Paz, Bolivia.
Anywhere-Arica: Airway (Chacalluta Internacional Airport) and Seaway (Carlos Ibañez del Campo Port)
Arica-Lauca National Park: Land route, by International Route CH-11 Arica- Tambo Quemado (Bolivia)
Bolivia-Lauca National Park: Land route, by International Route CH-11 (Chungara Custom Border)
North-Lauca National Park: Land route, by Route A-125 Parinacota-Visviri.
South-Lauca National Park: Land route, by Route A-235 through Las Vicuñas National Reserve.
When to go: All year long.
Weather: High desertic weather. The media temperature is 12ºC to 20ºC during day, and
-3ºC to -25ºC during night time. The media rain –snow- surpasses the 280 milimeters per year.
Services: Information center, forest ranger.
Surroundings: Alero de Patapatane, Caquena Bofedal, Chungara Lake, Surire Salar Lagoon, Cotacotani Lagoons, Payachatas mountains, Parinacota, Lauca National Park, Putre, Caquena River, Chungará tambo.