PUNTA ARENAS AND TIERRA DEL FUEGO
The province of Tierra del Fuego is located to the east of the Region of Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica, where the city of Punta Arenas is the port and capital. It has more than 29 thousand acres of land and its capital city is Porvenir.
Tierra del Fuego corresponds to the west of the island that lies south of the Estrecho de Magallanes (Strair of Magallanes). To the south is the Beagle channel, while to the east is the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is shared by Chile and Argentina .
The Chilean zone has the Cordillera de Darwin, which has some of the highest points of the island, including Mount Shipton with 2469 meters of altitude. From this mountain glaciers we can see ice falling into the southern waters of the sea. An example of this is the Pia Glacier which is located on the Beagle Channel.
It also has fjords in the contact zones of the Andes to the Pacific Ocean coastline. It has several rivers that end in the Beagle, Atlantic or Pacific oceans and the Estrecho de Magallanes (Strait of Magallanes. Some of them are the Rio Grande, Condor Paralelo and Grande which are known to be excellent for fishing practice.
The climate of this region is classified as subpolar oceanic, with short, cool summers and long winters, heavy and abundant rainfall, and is also characterized by the presence of strong winds. Because of its latitude it only has a few hours of sun in winter (the sun rises at 09:30 and sets at around 16:00 hours), while in the summer the says last up to 22:30 .
The flora of Tierra del Fuego consists of steppes and of fresh semi-deserts, as well as sub-Antarctic forest species such as the canelo, the guaiteca, notro, ñirres and the coigue of Magallanes, being unique in the world because of their characteristics. Another peculiarity is the high speed winds that are reached in the extreme south, many of these trees grow crooke , so they are known as " flag trees ".
The fauna on the other hand consists of guanacos, fuegians, red foxes and huillín among others. The coastal area has sea lions, elephant seals and leopard seals. We can also find minke and right whales, orcas, dolphins and sperm whales. Birds in the area include the condor, the king penguins of Magallanes and barbijo, gulls, albatrosses and owls among others.
Punta Arenas is a modern city in the Chilean Patagonia, with excellent services and service centers, along with a "Zona Franca" where you can buy products at lower prices. It is known for providing the highest income per capita in the country and one of the best qualities of life for its inhabitants. It has wide streets with trees and buildings ofEuropean architecture.
Punta Arenas is located on the Brunswick Peninsula, which is part of the western Andes of the Patagonia and borders the Estrecho de Magallanes. Its climate has semi-arid characteristics, with low rainfall throughout the year and snow and hail in the winter. It is also highlighted by the presence of strong winds. Temperatures can reach down to very extreme measures, down to -18° C.
It is in a transition zone of coigue and beech forests, with coirones that are used for breeding sheep.